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CLAT Syllabus 2025 for All Subjects (With Free PDF)

CLAT Syllabus 2025 for All Subjects (With Free PDF)

Hey future legal eagles!

Looking for the latest syllabus for CLAT exam? Wondering if there are changes to the CLAT syllabus 2025? 

You’ll find all your answers here in this detailed blog post. We have broken down the complete CLAT exam syllabus according to the different subjects so that you can easily navigate and understand what to prepare for.

Before that, you must know that the syllabus of Common Law Admission Test is released by the Consortium of NLUs. This exam also is conducted by the same authority. By knowing the latest details, you get on your path to a solid preparation the right way. 

Hence, let’s get started!

There are 5 subjects in CLAT exam, including English Language, Legal Reasoning, Logical Reasoning, Current Affairs and GK, and Quantitative Techiques. 

1. English Language

This section assesses your proficiency in English, covering areas like comprehension passages, grammar, vocabulary, and verbal ability.

2. Legal Reasoning

The CLAT legal reasoning section evaluates your ability to understand and apply legal principles. It includes questions related to legal propositions and sets of facts, where you are required to apply logical reasoning.

3. Logical Reasoning

Logical Reasoning tests your ability to identify patterns, logical links, and rectify illogical arguments. This section includes a variety of logical reasoning questions, such as syllogisms, analogies, logical sequences, etc.

4. Current Affairs and General Knowledge (GK)

This section examines your awareness of current affairs and general knowledge. Questions are related to significant national and international events, political and economic developments, awards, sports, and other general awareness topics.

5. Quantitative Techniques

The Quantitative Techniques or Mathematics section assesses your numerical ability. It includes questions on topics like basic arithmetic, algebra, and data interpretation.

The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is a law entrance examination conducted on a rotational basis by National Law Universities (NLUs) in India. CLAT is taken by students seeking admission to undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG) law programs offered by these NLUs. 

The exam is aimed at assessing the candidate’s aptitude and proficiency in various areas that are crucial for legal education.

Here is a quick overview of the CLAT examination:

ParticularsDetails
Exam NameCLAT
Conducted By Consortium of NLUs
Examination LevelNational Level
Official Websiteconsortiumofnlus.ac.in
Admission for CourseUG and PG Law
Admissions in CollegesNational Law Universities (NLUs)
Maximum Marks120
Exam Duration120 Minutes
Number of Questions120
Marking Scheme– 1 mark for each correct answer
– 0.25 negative marking for each incorrect answer
Sections– English 
– Current Affairs, including General Knowledge 
– Legal Reasoning 
– Logical Reasoning
– Quantitative Techniques
Exam ModeOffline
Question TypesMultiple-choice Questions (MCQs)

Check all details of What is CLAT Exam.

If you are looking to appear for this year’s exam, then knowing about the latest syllabus for CLAT 2025 is most important thing. It’s because your preparation completely depends on what you are studying. 

To help you with it, we have covered the CLAT exam syllabus here. Below is the general overview of the CLAT UG syllabus: 

Subjects of CLATTopics
EnglishComprehension, Grammar, Vocabulary, Idioms and Phrases, Usage,
Current Affairs and General KnowledgeCurrent Affairs, Science and Technology, Static GK,  Sports, Environment and Social Issues
Quantitative TechniquesArithmetic, Algebra, Trigonometry, and Geometry
Logical ReasoningInductive and Deductive Reasoning, Analogies, Syllogisms, and Venn Diagrams
Legal ReasoningLaw, Legal Maxims,  and Legal GK

Note: CLAT 2025 syllabus is yet to be officially announced. The syllabus mentioned here is the latest one available by Consortium of NLUs. It is possible that the new syllabus for CLAT this year might have updates. We will update the curriculum here once new announcements are made.

CLAT offers admission for the graduate course after passing the 12th. The CLAT UG question paper will be based on English, Quantitative Techniques, Current Affairs, including General Knowledge, Legal Reasoning, and Logical Reasoning. 

The level of the CLAT syllabus for UG for each section of the question paper will be as follows:

CLAT SubjectsDifficulty-level
English language12th
Current Affairs, including General Knowledge12th
Legal Reasoning12th
Logical Reasoning12th
Quantitative Techniques10th

CLAT English Language Syllabus

The CLAT English consists of passages of about 450 words derived from contemporary or historically significant fiction and non-fiction writing.

Below is the detailed syllabus of English section in CLAT:

ParticularsDetails
Types of Questions AskedPassage-based questions:
– Each passage will be around 450 words.
– The passages will be derived from contemporary or historically significant fiction and non-fiction writing.
– Estimated time needed to read a passage: 5-7 minutes.  Each passage followed by a series of questions  
Skills Tested– Comprehension and language skills.
– Ability to read and comprehend the arguments and viewpoints discussed in the passage.
– Capability to draw inferences and conclusions
– Ability to summarise a passage.
– Ability to compare and contrast various arguments or viewpoints
– Comprehension of words and phrases
Important Topics– Vocabulary Words
– Correcting Incorrect Grammar Sentences
– Synonyms & Antonyms
– Tenses
– Fill in the Blanks
– Spotting Grammatical Errors
– Active & Passive Voice
Areas of QuestionsCover various topics, including technical and scientific matters, News, journalistic sources, and non-fiction writing.

Learn in detail: CLAT Exam is for What Purpose?

CLAT Syllabus: Current Affairs and General Knowledge

This section consists of passages of up to 450 words from news, journalistic sources, and other non-fiction writing. The questions may include examining legal knowledge or information discussed in or related to the passage.

ParticularsDetails
Types of Questions AskedPassage-based questions:
– Each passage will be around 450 words.
– The passages will be derived from journalistic sources, news, and other non-fiction writing.
– No prior knowledge is needed to answer these questions. The answers to each question will be hidden in the passage.   
– Estimated time required to read a passage: 5-7 minutes.  
– Each passage followed by a series of questions  
Skills Tested– Contemporary events of national and international significance
– Arts and Culture
– International affairs
– Historical events of continuing significance
Important Topics– National & International Affairs
– SchemesScience & Technology
– Summits & Conferences
– Sports Awards & Honours
– Arts & Culture
– Important Historical Events
Areas of QuestionsNews, journalistic sources, and other non-fiction writing

CLAT Quantitative Techniques Syllabus

The quantitative techniques section comprises short sets of facts or propositions, graphs, or other textual, diagrammatic, or pictorial representations of numerical information, followed by questions. 

ParticularsDetails
Types of Questions Asked– Short sets of facts or propositions
– Graphs
– Other textual material
– Pictorial or diagrammatic representations of numerical information
Skills Tested– Derive, infer, and manipulate numerical information
– Apply 10th-standard mathematical operations, including ratios and proportions, introductory algebra, mensuration, and statistical estimation.
Important Topics– Ratios and Proportions
– Basic Algebra
– Mensuration
– Statistical Estimation
– Algebra
Areas of Questions– Number Theory and Basic Arithmetic
– Averages and Percentages
– Ratio and Proportion
– Mixtures and allegations
– Time and Work
– Time, Distance, and Speed
– Fractions and Equations
– Monetary Evaluations
– Probability
– Permutation and Combinations

CLAT Legal Reasoning Syllabus

The legal reasoning syllabus consists of passages of around 450 words on situations involving legal matters, public policy, moral philosophical inquiries, etc. 

ParticularsDetails
Types of Questions Asked– Each passage will be around 450 words.
– The passages may relate to scenarios or fact situations involving legal matters, public policy questions, or moral philosophical inquiries.
– No prior knowledge is needed to answer these passage-based questions. The answers will be hidden in the passage.   
– Estimated time required to read a passage: 5-7 minutes.  
– Each passage followed by a series of questions  
Skills Tested– Identify and infer the principles and rules set out in the passage
– Apply such regulations and principles to various fact situations
– Know how changes to the rules or principles may alter their application to different fact situations.
Important Topics– Indian Constitution – Fundamental Rights, Duties, Parliament, Judiciary, Local governments, Directive Principles of State Policy
– Important Amendments and Provisions
– Important Judgments
– Current Legal Affairs
– Law of Torts, Laws of Contract, IPR Law, Family Laws, Constitutional Laws
Areas of Questions– News articles and books associated with law topics
– Specific passages will be created especially for the exam
– Candidate has to find the facts and applicable rules.
– The purpose is not to test law knowledge but to apply rules based on the presented constraints to a factual context.

CLAT Logical Reasoning Syllabus

This section shall have passages of around 300 words with questions that require candidates to recognize an argument, its premises, and conclusions. Based on the questions asked in the exam, candidates will have to read and identify the arguments set in each passage.

ParticularsDetails
Types of Questions Asked– Each passage will be around 300 words.
– Each passage followed by a series of questions  
Skills Tested– Recognize an argument, its premises, and conclusions
– Read and identify the arguments in the passage
– Critically analyze patterns of reasoning and assess how conclusions may depend on certain premises or evidence
– Infer what follows from the passage and use these inferences to new situations
– Draw analogies and relationships, identify contradictions and equivalence, and assess the arguments’ effectiveness 
Important Topics– Analogies
– Series
– Seating arrangement
– Syllogisms
– Blood relations
– Logical sequences and matching
– Calendars and clocks
– Cause & Effect
– Premises & Conclusion
Areas of QuestionsSources include opinion pieces from magazines and newspapers and essays on moral philosophy. Some passages will be created especially for the exam.

Check Age Limit for CLAT Exam 2025

If you want to keep a copy of the CLAT syllabus PDF, we have created it for you. Simply click on the button below to download this PDF for free.

The section-wise weightage of the CLAT syllabus is listed below:

SectionQuestionsMarksWeightage (%)
Current Affairs, including General Knowledge28 – 3235 – 3923.33% to 26%
English Language22 – 2628 – 3218.66% to 21.33%
Logical Reasoning22 – 2628 – 3218.66% to 21.33%
Quantitative Techniques10 – 1413 – 178.66% to 11.33%
Legal Reasoning28 – 3235 – 3923.33% – 26%
Total120120100%

Through the CLAT PG entrance exam, candidates can pursue PG law courses in NLUs. CLAT postgraduate exam will be a 2-hour exam of 120 marks. This will include Multiple Choice Questions and Subjective Questions.

Check the CLAT LLM syllabus below:

SubjectDetails
Constitutional LawIndian Constitution
Fundamental Rights
Fundamental Duties
The Supreme Court
Parliament
Committees and Commissions
Historical Amendments
Commerce
Scheduled Areas
JurisprudenceDefinition of Jurisprudence
Ownership and Possession
Liabilities (person and corporate)
Law and Morals
Theories and Punishments
Jural Analysis
Administrative LawPrinciples of Natural Justice
Need for Administrative direction
Statutory Provisions
Administrative Discretion and Remedies
Administrative Adjudication
Doctrine of Estoppel
Relationship between Constitutional Law and Administrative Law
Law of ContractsBasic elements
Communication
Acceptance
Revocation of Offer
Capacity and Privity of Contract
Wagering Agreements
Breach of Contract and Remedies for breach
Indemnity
Force Majure & Doctrine of Frustration
TortsOrigin of Law of Torts in India
Criticism of Winfield
Tortious Liability
Several Independent Tortfeasors
General Defences
Act of God & Private Defence
Strict and Absolute Liability
Negligence
Defamation
Consumer Protection
Criminal LawCriminal Courts in India
Stages of Trial
Plea
Bargaining
Bail
Vitiation of Proceedings
Inherent Power
Property LawOutline
Types of Properties
Concept of Sale
Lease
Mortgage
Exchange
Gift
Will
Public International LawTreaties
International Organizations
State Recognition
State Succession
Human Rights
Law of Sea
Air and Space
Settlement of Dispute
Environmental LawThe Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1974
The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1981
The Environment (Protection) Act 1986
The National Environment Tribunal Act, 1955
Indian Forest Act 1927
The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980
The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972
Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991
Recognition of Forest Rights Act 2006
International Environment Law
Labour and Industrial LawConcept of Industrial Relations
Industrial Relations Code 2020
Code on Social Security 2020
Code on Occupational Safety Health and Working Conditions 2020
Code on Wages 2020
Industrial Disputes Act
The Factories Act, 1948
The Standing Orders Act
Recent Amendments to Labour Laws

Understanding the CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) exam syllabus is crucial for several reasons:

Focused Preparation

Knowing the syllabus of CLAT entrance exam helps you focus your preparation on the specific topics and subjects that will be covered in the exam. It allows you to allocate your time and resources more efficiently, targeting areas where you may need more practice.

Comprehensive Coverage

The CLAT syllabus 2025 is designed to assess various skills and knowledge areas relevant to the field of law. Understanding the syllabus ensures that you are well-prepared across different sections, including English, Legal Reasoning, Logical Reasoning, Current Affairs and General Knowledge, and Quantitative Techniques.

Strategic Planning

With a clear understanding of the CLAT exam syllabus, you can develop a strategic study plan. This involves identifying your strengths and weaknesses in each section and tailoring your preparation to address areas where you may need improvement.

Optimal Time Management

The CLAT exam has a specific time duration, and time management is crucial. Familiarity with the syllabus for CLAT allows you to allocate your time wisely during the exam, ensuring that you give appropriate attention to each section and attempt all questions within the stipulated time.

Preventing Surprises

Knowing the syllabus of CLAT examination helps prevent any surprises on exam day. You won’t encounter unexpected topics or question types that you are not prepared for, giving you confidence and a sense of control during the exam.

Resource Selection

Understanding the CLAT 2025 syllabus aids in selecting the right study materials and resources. You can choose textbooks, practice papers, and reference materials that align with the topics specified in the syllabus, enhancing the effectiveness of your preparation.

Strategic Approach to Mock Tests

Practicing with CLAT mock tests is an integral part of your preparation. A clear understanding of the syllabus allows you to design and take mock tests that closely simulate the actual exam, helping you gauge your readiness and identify areas that need improvement.

Enhanced Confidence

Knowledge of the latest CLAT exam syllabus boosts your confidence. When you are familiar with what to expect, you approach the exam with greater assurance and a positive mindset, which can positively impact your performance.

The Consortium of NLUs has not officially released the CLAT 2025 syllabus. It is important to note that the syllabus for the CLAT exam may undergo revisions or updates from time to time. 

The Consortium typically releases detailed notifications well in advance of the examination date, providing candidates with comprehensive information about the syllabus, exam pattern, and other relevant details.

Once the official announcement or notification regarding the CLAT 2025 syllabus is made by the Consortium of NLUs, we will update it accordingly. At that point, candidates can use the official syllabus to plan their preparation, understand the specific topics to be covered in each section, and tailor their study approach accordingly.

There are huge number of books and materials available in the market for your law entrance preparation. But not every book is right for you. At Law Prep Tutorial Patna, we have shortlisted the best CLAT preparation books based on our 20+ years of experience and producing toppers every single year. The following books will help you study the CLAT 2025 syllabus in the best manner:

Sr. No.SubjectName of BooksAuthor / Publisher
1EnglishWord Power Made EasyNorman Lewis
2EnglishObjective General English RS Aggarwal
3EnglishObjective General EnglishS.P. Bakshi
4EnglishThe Pearson Guide to the CLATHarsh Gagrani
5EnglishA Comprehensive Guide for CLAT & LLB Entrance Examinations- SET, AILET, LSATPadma Parupudi and Sirisha Naresh
6EnglishHigh School English Grammar and CompositionWren & Martin
7Legal ReasoningUniversal’s Guide to CLAT & LLB Entrance ExaminationUniversal
8Legal ReasoningLegal Aptitude and Legal ReasoningA P Bhardwaj
9Legal ReasoningLegal Awareness and Legal ReasoningPearson
10Quantitative TechniquesFast Track Objective ArithmeticRajesh Verma/ Arihant Publications 
11Quantitative TechniquesQuantitative Aptitude for Competitive ExaminationsRS Aggarwal
12Quantitative TechniquesThe Pearson Guide to Quantitative Aptitude for Competitive ExaminationsPearson
13Quantitative TechniquesMaths 30 Days Wonder S. Chand
14Quantitative TechniquesMagical Book On Quicker MathsM Tyra
15Current AffairsCurrent Affairs YearlyArihant Publications
16Current AffairsIndia Year BookGOI
17Current AffairsManorama Year BookMammen Mathew
18Current AffairsGeneral KnowledgeLucent’s
19Logical ReasoningA Modern Approach to Logical ReasoningRS Aggarwal
20Logical ReasoningUniversal’s Logical Reasoning for CLAT, LSAT, and other Law Entrance ExamsJain Prateek
21Logical ReasoningA New Approach to Reasoning Verbal, Non-Verbal & AnalyticalArihant

Preparing for the CLAT exam requires a systematic and comprehensive approach to cover the entire syllabus effectively. Here are some tips to help you cover the complete CLAT syllabus thoroughly:

1. Understand the Syllabus

Start by thoroughly understanding the latest CLAT syllabus. Identify the subjects, topics, and subtopics that you need to cover for both the undergraduate and postgraduate exams.

2. Create a Study Schedule

Develop a realistic and structured study schedule. Allocate dedicated time to each section based on your strengths and weaknesses. Ensure a balance between subjects to cover the entire CLAT entrance exam syllabus systematically.

3. Prioritize Weak Areas

Identify your weaker areas and prioritize them in your study plan. Allocate more time to subjects or topics where you need improvement.

4. Refer to Quality Resources

Use the best CLAT study material and resources, including CLAT previous years’ question papers, to understand the exam pattern and types of questions asked. This will help you align your preparation with the exam format.

5. Regular Practice

Practice is key to success. Regularly solve CLAT mock tests, sample papers, and previous years’ question papers to improve your time management skills and gain familiarity with the exam pattern.

6. Focus on Conceptual Understanding

Instead of rote learning, focus on understanding the concepts behind each topic. This will help you apply your knowledge to different types of questions.

7. Stay Updated with Current Affairs

Keep yourself updated with current affairs and general knowledge, as this is a significant component of the CLAT exam. Read newspapers, magazines, and online news sources regularly.

8. Legal Reasoning Practice

Legal Reasoning is a unique section in CLAT. Practice solving legal reasoning questions and understand how to apply legal principles to given scenarios.

9. Join Online Forums and Discussions

Participate in online forums and discussions related to CLAT preparation. This can help you gain insights, exchange ideas, and clarify doubts with fellow aspirants.

10. Revision Strategy

Plan regular revision sessions to reinforce your learning. Create concise notes for quick revision closer to the exam.

11. Stay Healthy and Manage Stress

Take care of your physical and mental well-being. A healthy lifestyle, proper sleep, and stress management are essential for optimal performance during the exam.

12. Seek Guidance

If possible, seek guidance from teachers, mentors, or your CLAT coaching institute. They can provide valuable insights, tips, and strategies to tackle different sections of the CLAT exam.

Remember that success in the exam is not just about covering the CLAT syllabus but also about developing effective exam-taking strategies. Regular practice, time management, and a focused approach will contribute to your overall preparation.

What are the subjects included in the CLAT syllabus?

The CLAT syllabus includes subjects like English Language, Legal Reasoning, Logical Reasoning, Current Affairs and General Knowledge, and Quantitative Techniques.

Is the CLAT syllabus the same for undergraduate and postgraduate programs?

No, the syllabus for the undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG) CLAT exams is different. While there may be some overlap in subjects, the depth and complexity of topics vary.

Does the CLAT syllabus change every year?

While the core subjects generally remain the same, there may be minor changes or updates to the CLAT syllabus. 

Are there any changes in the CLAT syllabus for 2025?

As of now, the CLAT 2025 syllabus has not been officially released. So, it is difficult to say that there are new changes in CLAT 2025 syllabus.

How should I prepare for the Current Affairs section in CLAT?

Stay updated with national and international news through newspapers, magazines, and online sources. Focus on legal news, recent judgments, and significant events. Regularly practice current affairs quizzes.

Is Mathematics a part of the CLAT syllabus?

Yes, Mathematics or Quantitative Techniques is a part of the CLAT entrance test syllabus. It includes topics like basic arithmetic, algebra, and data interpretation.

How important is Legal Reasoning in CLAT?

Legal Reasoning is a crucial section in CLAT, assessing the candidate’s ability to understand legal principles and apply them to various situations. It is important to practice legal reasoning questions and understand the basics of legal concepts.

Can I find sample papers based on the CLAT syllabus for practice?

Yes, sample papers and previous years’ question papers based on the CLAT syllabus are available by Law Prep Tutorial

Is the CLAT syllabus the same for all NLUs?

Yes, the subjects are the same for all NLUs accepting CLAT scores. Only NLU Delhi doesn’t accept CLAT score. It accepts AILET.

How can I effectively prepare for the Logical Reasoning section in CLAT?

Practice solving a variety of logical reasoning questions, including syllogisms, analogies, logical sequences, and critical reasoning. Focus on improving your analytical and deductive reasoning skills.

Can I use online resources for CLAT preparation?

Yes, online resources such as e-books, video lectures, and practice quizzes are valuable for CLAT preparation. Also, consider joining online CLAT coaching by Law Prep Tutorial.

How should I approach the English Language section in CLAT?

Focus on improving your grammar, vocabulary, and comprehension skills. Read a variety of texts to enhance your reading speed and understanding. Practice solving passages and questions related to grammar and vocabulary.

Is there negative marking in the CLAT exam?

Yes, there is a provision for negative marking in the CLAT exam. For each incorrect answer, 0.25 marks are deducted. It’s essential to strategize and attempt questions carefully.

Can I use a calculator during the Quantitative Techniques section in CLAT?

No, the use of calculators is not allowed in the CLAT exam. The questions in the Quantitative Techniques section are designed to be solved without the aid of a calculator.

How should I stay updated with legal current affairs for CLAT?

Follow legal news websites, read law magazines, and keep track of significant judgments and legal developments. Participate in online legal forums to discuss and stay informed about current legal issues.

Can international events be part of the Current Affairs section in CLAT?

Yes, the Current Affairs section may include questions related to international events, treaties, and diplomatic relations. Stay informed about global affairs to perform well in this section.

Are there any age limits for taking the CLAT exam?

There is no upper age limit for CLAT exam.

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